Class 10 Employability Skills Unit 2 Self Management Skills – II Study Material Notes

Unit 2 Self-Management Skills – II

Hello Dear Readers!

In this post, I seek to furnish you with study material based on the NCERT Book on Unit 2 Self Management Skills -II. It is widely known that Employability Skills are a requirement for every Skill Education course. I sincerely hope that this study material will assist you in your exam preparation and help you secure good grades in the examination.

Let us comprehend what topics you should study for Unit 2 Self Management Skills II.

Syllabus as per CBSE:

Study Material/Notes



Stress refers to a “physical, mental, or emotional strain or tension”.

Types of Stress:

  • Positive Stress: If stress is taken in the right sense and may help in achieving effective outcomes, called Positive Stress.
  • Negative Stress: If stress is taken in the negative sense, which makes a person worrisome, less productive and may lead to various psychosomatic disorders too, called Negative Stress.

Meaning of Stress Management

Stress Management: Stress Management refers to focusing human efforts on maintaining a healthy body and mind capable of better withstanding stressful situations. Occasional stress is an unavoidable part of one’s life. But stress over prolonged periods need to be managed.

  • Managed Stress: Managed stress can help one view events and situations as challenges and contributes in the growth of an individual.
  • Unmanaged Stress: Unmanaged stress leads to anxiety and sorrow resulting in ill status of mental and physical health.

Stress Causal Agents:

Stress causal agents can have the following origins.

  • Mental: High expectations from the self can leave one with chronic anxiety and stress. Students can be left overwhelmed if they are unable to handle their assignment submission deadlines and examination grades.
  • Physical: As children grow up, Issues related to the general well-being and health of an individual can lead to low self-esteem and cause stress.
  • Social: Discord amongst family members, peer pressure for doing things that children would generally avoid, maintaining balance in relationships amongst friends, and status show-offs may lead to stress at times.
  • Financial: Youngsters may have aspirational financial stress. This may be of becoming financially independent.

Importance of Stress Management

Well-versed with Stress Management, helps people lead healthy and happier life. Adequately managed stress prevents medical and physical illnesses.

Stress management is vital because it leads to the following benefits:

  • Improves mood.
  • Boosts immune system.
  • Promotes longevity.
  • Leads to burst of physical strength, which is vital for reaching goals.
  • Complete mental and physical engagement for task accomplishment
  • Increases efficiency and effectiveness.
  • Prevents psychological disorders and behavioral problems.

Stress Management Techniques

Stress is a mental state where one size doesn’t fit all, what stresses one person may not stress others at all. It is highly individualistic phenomenon, and the solution has to be customized to individual’s mental state.

Symptoms of Stress:

  • Physical Sign/Symptoms: Breathlessness, dry mouth, butterflies in stomach, indigestion, nausea, acidity, fatigue, sweaty palms, cold hands and feet, irritation, hyperactivity, etc.
  • Metal Sign/Symptoms: Irritation, Impatience, loneliness, upset mood, anxiety, depression, frustration, boredom, guilt, insecurity, and forgetfulness.

Q. How self-awareness of symptoms of stress will help individuals to manage it?

Self-awareness of symptoms of stress will help individuals manage it better. They should try understanding the cause, understanding self and taking remedial measures.

Stress management techniques are:

  • Physical Exercise: Physical exercise in the form of walking, skipping or for that matter indulging in any sports has been found to relieve stress as they stabilize mood, improves self-esteem, and induces sleep.
  • Yoga: Yoga includes a series of postures and breathing exercises practiced to achieve control of the body and mind.
  • Meditation: Meditation is a practice where an individual is supposed to focus his/her mind on a particular object, thought or activity to achieve a calm mental state reducing stress.
  • Enjoying: Recreational activities like watching movies, attending concerts, playing games, involving in adventure sports, singing, dancing or even sketching can help individuals transcend to a happier mental state and help manage stress.
  • Going on Vacation: Vacations provide an opportunity of taking a holiday from our routine and appreciate different facets of life.
  • Taking Nature Walks: Taking nature walks in a pristine environment of a national park or a sanctuary or a trail in the countryside/village, brings us calmness by allowing our overstimulated minds a chance to relax and helps us to relax.

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